NBD fluoride (4-Fluoro-7-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole) is similar to NBD chloride (90045) except that the former is much more reactive toward amines.
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The fluorescence of NBD is highly dependent on the environment; it is virtually nonfluorescent in water but becomes strongly green fluorescent in hydrophobic media. NBD-ethylenediamine can be readily coupled to activated carboxy groups or sulfonyl chlorides.
NBD-PE (N-(7-Nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)-1,2-dihexadecanoyl-snglycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, triethylammonium salt) in combination with Rhodamine-DHPE (#60026) or Texas Red®-DHPE (#60027) has been used to study membrane fusion via fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) (1-3). NBD-PE has also been used in photobleaching recovery measurement.
NBD C6-sphingomyelin (6-((N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)hexanoyl)sphingosyl phosphocholine) has been used for following sphingolipid metabolism in cells.
NBD C6-ceramide (6-((N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino)hexanoyl)sphingosine) has been used for following sphingolipid metabolism in cells, and as a selective stain for the Golgi apparatus in live and fixed cells.
Anhydrous DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide; methyl sulfoxide) is recommended for preparing stock solutions of AM ester dyes, reactive dyes and other related moisture-sensitive products.
FAM SE, 5 and 6 isomers
5(6)-FAM SE (full name: 5-(and-6)-Carboxyfluorescein, succinimidyl ester mixed isomers) is an amine-reactive green fluorescent dye widely used for labeling proteins or other molecules that contain a primary or secondary aliphatic amine. The coupling reaction is usually carried out at pH 8-9.5.