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Why does the amount of dye or reagent in the tubes appear to be different even though they are supposed to contain the same amount of product?

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For dyes or reagents that are supplied lyophilized (as solids), it is hard to compare quantities based on appearance of the dye in the tube, because during the lyophilization process the dye can dry down in different ways, either spread out all over the tube, clumped together, or coating the sides or bottom of the tube. Centrifugation of the tube may not help in collecting the dye solid to the bottom of the tube as this generally works for solutions. However, lyophilized solids are packaged based on highly accurate absorbance measurement of the reagent solution prior to drying, so the vial will contain the correct amount of dye.

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