Organelle & Cytoskeleton Stains
Most of our MitoView™ dyes are sensitive to mitochondrial membrane potential, and therefore can be used in live cells only.
MitoView™ Green is relatively insensitive to mitochondrial membrane potential, and can be used to stain formaldehyde-fixed cells (for best results, we recommend first fixing, then staining). MitoView™ Green does not stain well with samples that are fixed with methanol, permeabilized with detergent, or paraffin embedded. For best results staining mitochondria in fixed cells or tissue sections, we recommend using one our Mitochondrial Marker Antibodies, available with a wide selection of bright and photostable CF® dyes and other conjugations.
Intracellular lipid droplets are cytoplasmic organelles involved in the storage and regulation of lipids. The LipidSpot™ Lipid Droplet Stains are fluorogenic neutral lipid stains that rapidly accumulate in lipid droplets. They become brightly fluorescent in the presence of neutral lipids like triglycerides and cholesterol esters.
LipidSpot™ stains may be used on tissue sections, but if the lipid droplets are not well-preserved in the tissue, then staining will not be optimal. Paraffin embedded sections might also not be suitable as the process of deparaffinization could result in lipid extraction.
LysoView™ dyes are fluorogenic dyes that contain weakly basic amines and accumulate in the low pH environment of lysosomes as well as other acidic compartments in the cell including early and late endosomes. Although the fluorescence of LysoView™ 540 and LysoView™ 640 is sensitive to increasing pH, it would be hard to specifically distinguish early from late endosomes or lysosomes based on florescence intensity. Using antibodies against early or late endosomal markers or compartment-specific (GFP or other) fusion constructs would be more appropriate.
Other options that may be suitable for monitoring endocytosis and vesicle trafficking include the CF® Dye Dextrans, CF® Dye Hydrazides, CF® Dye Human Transferrin Conjugates, CF® Dye Cholera Toxin Subunit B, and Nerve Terminal Staining Kits.
ViaFluor® Live Cell Microtubule Stains are cell-permeable taxol probes for imaging the microtubule cytoskeleton in live mammalian cells. We do not have permeability data for these probes to the plant cell wall. Based on literature, plant tubulin binds taxol weakly as compared to animal tubulin, so staining may be weak or non-existent. We do offer low-cost trial sizes for evaluation.