Recognizes the epsilon-chain of CD3 (Workshop V; Code: CD03.09), which consists of five different polypeptide chains (designated as γ, δ, ε, ζ, and η) with MW ranging from 16-28kDa. The CD3 complex is closely associated at the lymphocyte cell surface with the T cell antigen receptor (TCR). Reportedly, CD3 complex is involved in signal transduction to the T cell interior following antigen recognition. The CD3 antigen is first detectable in early thymocytes and probably represents one of the earliest signs of commitment to the T cell lineage. In cortical thymocytes, CD3 is predominantly intra-cytoplasmic. However, in medullary thymocytes, it appears on the T cell surface. CD3 antigen is a highly specific marker for T cells, and is present in majority of T cell neoplasms.
McMichael AJ et al. (eds) Leukocyte Typing III, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1987. Knapp W et al. (eds) Leukocyte Typing IV, p245 and 1059, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989 | Schlossman S et al. (eds) Leukocyte Typing V. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995. | Alberola-Ila J et al. Stimulation through the TCR/CD3 complex up-regulates the CD2 surface expression on human T lymphocytes. J Immunol 1991, 146(4):108
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