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PMA Real-Time PCR Bacterial Viability Kit – Listeria monocytogenes (hly)

This kit contains primers for amplification of Listeria monocytogenes hly gene, with reagents sufficient to treat 80 bacterial cultures with PMA or PMAxx™, and perform 200 PCR reactions.

PMA Real-Time PCR Bacterial Viability Kit – Listeria monocytogenes (hly)
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31051, - 31051-XView allHide

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200 assays

Viability dye

PMA, PMAxx

Viability dye
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Product Description

PMA-PCR kits are designed for selective detection of viable bacteria from a specific strain using PMA or PMAxx™ dye and real-time PCR. The kits contain PMA or PMAxx™ dye, Forget-Me-Not™ qPCR Master Mix, and PCR primers for detection of selected strains of bacteria that are of widespread interest to food safety, public health, and/or antibacterial research.

This kit contains primers for amplification of Listeria monocytogenes hly gene, with reagents sufficient to treat 80 bacterial cultures with PMA or PMAxx™, and perform 200 PCR reactions. There is an option to choose either PMA or PMAxx™ for the viability dye (see below for more information about these dyes). The number of samples that can be treated with PMA or PMAxx™ using the kit may vary depending on sample type. See the product protocol under the downloads tab and references for more information.

Kit contents:

PMA is a high affinity photoreactive DNA binding dye developed by Biotium. The dye is weakly fluorescent by itself but becomes highly fluorescent upon binding to nucleic acids. It preferentially binds to dsDNA with high affinity. Upon photolysis, the photoreactive azido group on the dye is converted to a highly reactive nitrene radical, which readily reacts with any hydrocarbon moiety at the binding site to form a stable covalent nitrogen-carbon bond, thus resulting in permanent DNA modification. The dye is cell membrane-impermeable and thus can be used to selectively modify DNA from dead cells with compromised membrane integrity, while leaving DNA from viable cells intact. PMA inhibits PCR amplification of modified DNA templates by a combination of removal of modified DNA during purification and inhibition of template amplification by DNA polymerases (see Reference 1 under the references tab). Consequently the dye is useful in the selective detection of viable pathogenic cells by quantitative real-time PCR.

PMAxx™ is a new and improved version of PMA designed by Biotium scientists to be a superior alternative to PMA. While PMA is generally effective at differentiating between live and dead bacteria by qPCR, it does not completely eliminate PCR products from dead cell DNA. This could potentially give false positive results. Biotium’s new dye PMAxx™ is much more effective at eliminating PCR amplification of dead cell DNA, and therefore provides the best discrimination between live and dead bacteria.

Forget-Me-Not™ qPCR Master Mix is a hot-start EvaGreen® dye-based master mix for use in real time PCR applications and DNA melt curve analysis. Forget-Me-Not™ master mix contains a low concentration of blue dye which allows you to see at a glance whether you forgot to add master mix to any of your tubes, so you can catch pipetting mistakes and avoid wasting time, reagents, and your precious DNA samples. It is formulated for qPCR using a fast cycling protocol, but also can be used for qPCR using regular cycling protocols. EvaGreen® dye is a unique DNA-binding dye with features ideal for both qPCR and melt curve analysis. EvaGreen® dye binds to dsDNA via a novel “release-on-demand” mechanism, which permits the use of a relatively high dye concentration in qPCR without PCR inhibition. Forget-Me-Not™ Master Mix contains Cheetah™ Taq, Biotium’s fast-activating chemically-modified hot-start Taq polymerase, which is particularly suitable for fast PCR cycling protocols.

Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen that can cause digestive illness and fetal harm. The gene hly encodes the Listeria Lysin O (LLO) protein that is specific for Listeria. PMA-PCR using these primers for viability PCR in Listeria has been published (see Reference 2 under the references tab). In addition, these primers have been validated at Biotium for real-time qPCR using Forget-Me-Not™ Master Mix (see product protocol under downloads for details).

Also see our other PMA-PCR kits for detection of Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), E. coli, E. coli O157:H7Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Legionella pneumophila, and Salmonella enterica. Don’t see your favorite strain? Let us know at techsupport@biotium.com.

Materials from Biotium are sold for research use only.

References

1. Nocker A, et al. Comparison of propidium monoazide with ethidium monoazide for differentiation of live vs. dead bacteria by selective removal of DNA from dead cells. J. Microbiol. Meth. 67(2), 310-320 (2006).

2. Nocker A, et al. Molecular monitoring of disinfection efficacy using propidium monoazide in combination with quantitative PCR. J. Microbiol. Meth. 70(2), 252-260 (2007).

3. Fittipaldi M, et al. Progress in understanding preferential detection of live cells using viability dyes in combination with DNA amplification. J. Microbiol. Meth. 91(2), 276-289 (2012).

Download the PMA reference list

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Support & faq

PMA and PMAxx™ for viability PCR

Both PMA and PMAxx™ are both offered as 20 mM solutions in water. We also offer PMA as a solid, and customers often ask whether it needs to be dissolved in DMSO. While in some publications users have prepared their PMA stock solution in DMSO, this is not necessary. Unlike the older viability dye EMA, which is not soluble in water, PMA and PMAxx™ are very water soluble.

Category: PMA and PMAxx™ for viability PCR

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We have compared PMA and PMAxx™ for their ability to differentiate between live and dead cells in viability PCR assays, and in all bacteria strains tested*, PMAxx™ had better activity. Therefore, while we haven’t tested every bacterial strain, we recommend PMAxx™ for bacterial viability PCR.

A recent publication by Randazzo et al. compared several viability PCR dyes in norovirus, and found that PMAxx™ worked the best for that organism.

We have also compared PMA and PMAxx™ in viability PCR assays with the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and found that PMA was equal to or better than PMAxx™. Therefore we recommend PMA for yeast and fungus viability PCR.

*E. coli, Salmonella enterica, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillis subtilis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Lactobacillus casei.

Category: PMA and PMAxx™ for viability PCR

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Biotium offers the PMA-Lite™ LED Photolysis Device for light-induced cross-linking of PMAxx™ and PMA to dsDNA. The PMA-Lite™ is designed for samples in microcentrifuge tubes.

For users that have samples in a different format (for example, 96-well plates or filters), we will soon be releasing a new light box that will allow for greater flexibility of assay format.

Commercial halogen lamps (>600 W) for home use have been employed for photoactivating PMA in some publications, though results have not been consistent due to inevitable variation in the set-up configurations. If you decide to use a halogen lamp, we recommend that you lay tubes on a block of ice set 20 cm from the light source, on a rocking platform to ensure continuous mixing. Set the lamp so that the light source is pointing directly downward onto the samples (up to 45° downward slant is OK). Expose samples to light for 5-15 min.

Category: PMA and PMAxx™ for viability PCR

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Shipment Method: Shipping and handling methods will be assessed and calculated at time of shipment based upon item(s) storage temperature conditions. Expedited shipment may be requested at time of checkout. Please note that products with recommended storage at 4°C or -20°C may ship at ambient temperature. This will not affect product performance. When you receive the product, place it under the recommended storage conditions.