Recognizes a protein of 12kDa, identified as β-microglobulin. β-microglobulin non-covalently associates with the 44kDa chain to form the HLA Class I antigen complex. Human β-2 microglobulin associated with HLA Class I antigens is expressed on many types of cells including lymphocytes, thymocytes, monocytes, granulocytes, platelets, endothelial cells, and epithelial cells. It is absent on erythrocytes. This MAb is specific to human β-2 microglobulin and does not react with non-human primate cells. This antibody reacts with all cell types excluding erythrocytes. The detection of β-2 microglobulin in body fluids has been used as a tumor marker and for monitoring patients with HIV infection.
Sparrow RL. Human cell surface antigens defined by monoclonal antibodies. PhD thesis, University of Melbourne, 1983. | Betts RL, McKenzie IFC: Monoclonal antibodies to the major histocompatibility antigens. Monoclonal hybridoma antibodies: Techniques and applications. Edited by D. Hurrel. Uniscience series program. C.R.C. Press, Cleveland, OH: 1983, pp. 193-222 | Brodsky FM, Parham P. Barnstable CJ, Crumpton MJ, Bodmer WF: Monoclonal antibodies for analysis of the HLA system. lmmunol Rev 47:3, (1979). | Leah J. Cosgrove et al.: HLA (Class I) antigens on platelets are involved in platelet function. Immunol. Cell Biol., 66 (1) 69-77 (1988
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