Recognizes a protein of 40kDa, identified as CD7, a member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily. Its N-terminal amino acids 1-107 are highly homologous to Ig kappa-L chains whereas the carboxyl-terminal region of the extracellular domain is proline-rich and has been postulated to form a stalk from which the Ig domain projects. CD7 is expressed on the majority of immature and mature T-lymphocytes, and T cell leukemia. It is also found on natural killer cells, a small subpopulation of normal B cells and on malignant B cells. Cross-linking surface CD7 positively modulates T cell and NK cell activity as measured by calcium fluxes, expression of adhesion molecules, cytokine secretion and proliferation. CD7 associates directly with phosphoinositol 3′-kinase. CD7 ligation induces production of D-3 phosphoinositides and tyrosine phosphorylation.
Haynes BF, et al. Human lymphocyte antigens: production of a monoclonal antibody that defines functional thymus-derived lymphocyte subsets. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 76: 5829-5833, 1979. | Eisenbarth GS, et al. Production of monoclonal antibodies reacting with peripheral blood mononuclear cell surface differentiation antigens. J. Immunol. 124: 1237-1244, 1980. | Haynes BF, et al. Characterization of a monoclonal antibody that defines an immunoregulatory T cell subset for immunoglobulin synthesis in humans. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 77: 2914-2918, 1980. | Prieyl JA, LeBien TW. Interleukin 7 independent development of human B cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93: 10348-10353, 1996
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