Monoclonal anti PLGF (PLGF/93)

BNUB0093-0
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Catalog #: BNUB0093
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Product Description

The onset of angiogenesis is believed to be an early event in tumorigenesis and may facilitate tumor progression and metastasis. Several growth factors with angiogenic activity have been described. These include Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF), Platelet Derived Growth Factor (PDGF), Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and Placenta Growth Factor (PLGF). Placenta growth factor (PLGF) is a secreted protein primarily produced by placental trophoblasts but also expressed in other endothelial cells and tumors. There are three isoforms, PLGF-1, PLGF-2, and PLGF-3. PLGF-2 is expressed up until week 8 in the placenta; the placental tissues continuously express PLGF-1 and PLGF-3 but only PLGF-1 is found in colon and mammary carcinomas. PLGF acts to stimulate angiogenesis, endothelial growth and migration. PLGF is a powerful promoter of tumor growth and is upregulated in some cancers, and PLGF is thought to aid in atherosclerotic lesions and neovascular growth surrounding the lesion. Also, PLGF appears to aid aldosterone mediated atherosclerosis. Serum levels of PLGF in some cases are used as a potential biomarker for disease or genetic defect. Recent research indicates that PLGF levels are lower in mothers with Down syndrome fetuses. Evidence has suggested VEGF to be an obligatory component in PLGF signaling. While VEGF homodimers and VEGF/PLGF heterodimers function as potent mediators of mitogenic and chemotactic responses in endothelial cells, PLGF homodimers are effectual only at extremely high concentrations. Indeed, many of the physiological effects attributed to VEGF may actually be a result of VEGF/PLGF. VEGF and PLGF share a common receptor, Flt-1, and may also activate Flk-1/KDR.

Beiswenger TR et al. The effect of cigarette smoke extract on trophoblast cell viability and migration: the role of adrenomedullin. Reprod Sci 19:526-33 (2012). | Xu HX et al. Expression and prognostic significance of placental growth factor in hepatocellular carcinoma and peritumoral liver tissue. Int J Cancer 128:1559-69 (2011).

Additional Information

Conjugation

Purified with BSA, 0.2 mg/mL, Purified, BSA-free, 1 mg/mL, CF405S, CF405M, CF488A, CF543, CF555, CF568, CF594, CF640R, CF647, CF660R, CF680, CF680R, CF770, Biotin, R-PE, APC, Per-CP, Alkaline Phosphatase, HRP

Size

50 uL, 100 uL, 250 uL, 500 uL

Supplied As

Purified: 0.2 mg/mL in PBS/0.05% BSA/0.05% azide, Purified, BSA-free: 1 mg/mL in PBS without azide, Conjugates: 0.1 mg/mL in PBS/0.1% BSA/0.05% azide, HRP conjugates: 0.1 mg/mL in PBS/0.05% BSA

Antibody type

Primary

Host species

Mouse

Reactivity (target)

PLGF (PLGF93)

Clonality

Monoclonal

Isotype

IgG1, kappa

Clone

PLGF93

Molecular weight

18 kDa

Synonyms

PGFL; PIGF; placental growth factor (PGF); Vascular endothelial growth factor related protein

Entrez gene ID

5228

SwissProt

P49763

Immunogen

Recombinant human PLGF protein

Unigene

252820

Species reactivity

Human

Applications

ELISA

Cellular localization

Secreted (extracellular)

Application notes

ELISA For coating, order Ab without BSA

Positive control

HepG2 or HEK293T cells. Human placental and brain tumors.

MSDS (PDF):MSDS Primary antibodies

Protocol (PDF): Protocols for antibody-based detection

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