Reacts with five invariable CD3 chains (designated as and ) with molecular weight ranging from 16-28kDa. It is found on all mature T-lymphocytes, NK, T-cells, and some thymocytes. CD3, also known as T3, is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that plays a role in antigen recognition, signal transduction, and T cell activation. It is expressed, typically at high levels, on peripheral T cells and majority of T cell neoplasms. Thymocytes express CD3 at different level on the cell surface in the course of differentiation and, in cortical thymus, CD3 is predominantly Intracytoplasmic. This MAb is particularly useful for induction of T cell activation in vitro and in vivo due to its unusual IgG3 isotype.
Leerling MF et al. Quality control of anti human CD3 and CD4 monoclonal antibodies. Dev Biol Stand 1990, 71:191-200 | Vaessen LM et al. RIV-9: a mouse IgG3 anti-human CD3 monoclonal antibody with strong antigen modulating and T cell eliminating properties. Transplant Proc 1989, 21:1026-7 | Jiskoot W et al. Purification and stabilisation of a poorly soluble mouse IgG3 monoclonal antibody. J Immunol Methods 1991, 138(2):181-189 | Ceuppens JL and Van Vaeck F. Human T cell activation induced by a monoclonal mouse IgG3 anti-CD3 antibody (RIV9) requires binding of the Fc part of the antibody to the monocytic 72-kDa high-affinity Fc receptor (FcRI). Cell Immunol 1989, 118(1):136-46 | Knapp W et al. (eds) Leukocyte Typing IV, p245 and 1059, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989 | Schlossman S et al. (eds) Leukocyte Typing V. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995. | Alberola-Ila J et al. Stimulation through the TCR/CD3 complex up-regulates the CD2 surface expression on human T lymphocytes. J Immunol 1991, 146(4):108
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