Support & Resources

+1

Propidium Iodide (PI)

A membrane-impermeant nucleic acid intercalator. The dye is commonly used to selectively stain dead cells in a mixed live-dead population and also used as a counterstain in multicolor fluorescent assays.

Product Attributes

Cellular localization

Nucleus & cytoplasm

Detection method/readout

Fluorescence microscopy, Flow cytometry

Assay type/options

DNA content/cell cycle (flow cytometry), No-wash staining, Real-time imaging

Cell permeability

Membrane impermeant

Apoptosis/viability marker

Dead cell stain

Colors

Red

Excitation/Emission

493/636 nm (without DNA), 535/617 nm (with DNA)

Storage Conditions

Store at 2 to 8 °C, Protect from light

CAS number

25535-16-4

Molecular weight

668.4

Size
Catalog #
price
Qty
10 mL (1 mg/mL in Water)
2 mL (50 ug/mL in Buffer)
100 mg
Clear selection
Add to wishlist
ADD TO CART
(Please select quantity above )

Wishlist updated! View wishlist

Shipping, Handling & Tax (CA only) not included in price. Learn more

Tax is assessed in the state of California. All fees will be calculated during checkout based on your shipping information and are subject to change.

SPECIAL - Order 5 or more and receive 10% off.

Request a Bulk Quote

Product Description

Propidium iodide (PI) is a cell impermeable nucleic acid intercalating dye. Because PI is excluded from viable cells, it often used to selectively stain dead cells in a mixed live-dead cell population. PI is often used as a counterstain in multicolor fluorescence applications.

  • Red fluorescent nucleic acid stain
  • Fluorescence increases 20- to 30-fold when bound to nucleic acids
  • Dead cell specific in all cell types, including mammalian cells, bacteria, and yeast
  • Compatible with flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy

Propidium Iodide (PI) Products

Propidium Iodide ProductsCatalog NumberUnit SizeFormat
Propidium Iodide40016100 mgOrange red solid
Propidium Iodide, 1 mg/mL in Water4001710 mLOrange/red solution
Propidium Iodide, 50 ug/ml in Buffer400482 mLOrange/red solution

After entering cells and binding to DNA and RNA, the fluorescence of PI is enhanced 20- to 30-fold. PI can be used in flow cytometry and fluorescence microscopy. PI is also utilized as a counterstain in multicolor fluorescent imaging, but nuclear-specific staining requires digestion of cellular RNA.

Find the Right Stain for Your Application

PI is dead cell specific in all cell types, including mammalian cells, bacteria and yeast. PI can be used to distinguish necrotic or late apoptotic cells with damaged plasma membranes from viable cells or early apoptotic cells with intact cell membranes. Ethidium Homodimer I is the most common alternative to PI; the high affinity of EthD-I permits the use of a lower dye concentration and no-wash staining. Biotium developed Ethidium Homodimer III, as a superior alternative to EthD-I. The absorption and emission spectra are similar, but EthD-III is 45% brighter. Biotium also offers other dead-cell stains in other colors and with other beneficial properties such as Live-or-Dye NucFix™ Red which, unlike PI, is a fixable dead-cell stain. See our Cellular Stains Selection Guide and Cellular Stains Table for more information. Learn more about PI and other dead-cell specific stains.

Biotium also offers other live-cell specific stains in other colors and with other beneficial properties. Such as NucSpot® Live Cell Nuclear Stains, which are cell-membrane permeable DNA dyes that specifically stain nuclei in live or fixed cells. They have excellent specificity for DNA without the need for a wash step, and they have low toxicity for live cell imaging.

Cell Viability & Apoptosis Assays

Biotium offers a wide-selection of assay kits for cell viability and cell death for microplate reader, flow cytometry, or fluorescence microscopy. PI and CF®488A-Annexin V are available as a convenient kit for staining apoptotic cells with green fluorescence and necrotic cells with red fluorescence. Ethd-III component of several combination viability assay kits for detecting both live and dead cells in the same population, such as our Viability/Cytotoxicity Assay Kit for Animal Cells and our Viability/Cytotoxicity Assay Kit for Bacteria. Learn more about our Cell Viability & Apoptosis Assays.

References

  1. Cera Int, 46, 11762, (2020), DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2020.01.210
  2. Toxicon., 90, 191, (2020), DOI: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2014.08.059
  3. J Asthma., 57, 459, (2020), DOI: 10.1080/02770903.2019.1585870
  4. BioRxiv, PrePrint, (2020), DOI: 10.1101/2020.01.10.902148
  5. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces, 177, 462, (2019), DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2019.02.034
  6. Open J Apoptosis, 8, 1, (2019), DOI: 10.4236/ojapo.2019.81001
  7. ACS Biomater. Sci. Eng., 5, 262, (2019), DOI: 10.1021/acsbiomaterials.8b00871
  8. Agro. Biology, 3, 531, (2019), DOI: 10.15389/agrobiology.2018.3.531eng
  9. BioRxiv, Preprint, 710210, (2019), DOI: 10.1101/710210
  10. Appl. Mater. Today, 15, 100, (2019), DOI: 10.1016/j.apmt.2019.01.002
  11. Sci Rep, 9, 1300, (2019), DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-37664-7
  12. Mol Cancer Res., 17, 1985, (2019), DOI: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-18-1335
  13. Heliyon, 5(1), e01128, (2019), DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e01128
  14. J Biotechnol., 306, 149, (2019), DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2019.09.015
  15. Biomed Pharmacother., 109, 762, (2019), DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2018.10.125
  16. Ther Adv Med Oncol., 11, (2019), DOI: 10.1177/1758835919878977
 

You may also like…